List of All Pheasant Species

Pheasant Taxonomy


What is pheasant taxonomy? Historically, it is the division of species and subspecies into genra of similar birds based on physical and behavioural traits. These classifications can now be modified with the help of molecular (DNA) data.


Historical Divisions

Legend


    * Genus

          o Species

                + Subspecies


    * The Blood Pheasants (Genus Ithaginis)

          o Himalayan Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus 

             cruentus)

                + Sikkim Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus affinis)

                + Tibetan Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus    

                   tibetanus)

                + Kuser's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus kuseri)

                + Mrs. Vernay's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus 

                   marionae)

                + Greenway's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus 

                   holoptilus)

                + Rock's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus rocki)

                + Clarke's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus 

                   clarkei)

                + Geoffroy's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus 

                   geoffroyi)

                + Bianchi's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus 

                   michaelis)

                + Beick's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus beicki)

                + Mrs. Sage's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus 

                   annae)

                + Berezowski's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus 

                   berezowskii)

                + David's Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus 

                   sinensis)

    * The Tragopans (Genus Tragopan)

          o Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)

          o Satyr Tragopan (Tragopan satyra)

          o Blyth's Tragopan (Tragopan blythi)

                + Eastern Blyth's Tragopan (Tragopan blythi blythi)

                + Western Blyth's Tragopan (Tragopan blythi 

                   molesworthi)

          o Temminck's Tragopan (Tragopan temmincki)

          o Cabot's Tragopan (Tragopan caboti)

                + Eastern Cabot's Tragopan (Tragopan caboti 

                   caboti)

                + Western Cabot's Tragoipan (Tragopan caboti 

                    guangxiensis)

    * The Koklass (Genus Pucrasia)

          o Koklass Pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha)

                + Common Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha 

                   macrolopha)

                + Western Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha castanea)

                + Kashmir Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha biddulphi)

                + Nepal Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha nipalensis)

                + Meyer's Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha meyeri)

                + Orange-Collared Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha 

                   ruficollis)

                + Yellow-Necked Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha 

                    xanthospila)

                + Joret's Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha joretiana)

                + Darwin's Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha darwini)

    * The Monals (Genus Lophophorus)

          o Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impeyanus)

          o Sclater's Monal (Lophophorus sclateri)

          o Chinese Monal (Lophophorus lhuysi)

    * The Junglefowls (Genus Gallus)

          o Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus)

                + Cochin-Chinese Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus 

                   gallus)

                + Burmese Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus 

                   spadiceus)

                + Tonkinese Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus 

                    jabouillei)

                + Indian Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus murghi)

                + Javan Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus bankiva)

          o Ceylon/La Fayette's Junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii)

          o Sonnerat's Junglefowl (Gallus sonnerati)

          o Green Junglefowl (Gallus varius)

    * The Gallo Pheasants (Genus Lophura)

          o Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelana)

                + White Crested Kalij (Lophura leucomelana 

                   hamiltoni)

                + Nepal Kalij (Lophura leucomelana leucomelana)

                + Black-Backed kalij (Lophura leucomelana 

                   melanota)

                + Black Kalij (Lophura leucomelana moffitti)

                + Black-Breasted Kalij (Lophura leucomelana 

                   lathami)

                + William's Kalij (Lophura leucomelana williamsi)

                + Oates's Kalij (Lophura leucomelana oatesi)

                + Lineated Kalij (Lophura leucomelana lineata)

                + Crawfurd's Kalij (Lophura leucomelana crawfurdi)

          o Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera)

                + Lewis's Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   lewisi)

                + Annamese Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   annamensis)

                + Boloven Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   engelbachi)

                + Bel's Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera beli)

                + Berlioz's Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   berliozi)

                + Ruby Mines Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   rufipes)

                + Rippon's Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   ripponi)

                + Jone's Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                    jonesi)

                + Western Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                    occidentalis)

                + Lao Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   beaulieui)

                + Fokien Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   fokiensis)

                + True Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   nycthemera)

                + Hainan Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   whiteheadi)

                + Szechwan Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   omeiensis)

                + Rang Jiang Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera 

                   rongjiangensis)

          o Imperial Pheasant (Lophura imperialis)

          o Edwards's Pheasant (Lophura edwardsi)

          o Swinhoe's Pheasant (Lophura swinhoei)

          o Salvadori's Pheasant (Lophura inornata)

                + Southern Salvadori's Pheasant (Lophura inornata 

                    inornata)

                + Atjeh Salvadori's Pheasant (Lophura inornata 

                   hoogerwerfi)

          o Crestless Fireback Pheasant (Lophura 

             erythrophthalma)

                + Malay Crestless Fireback (Lophura 

                    erythrophthalma erythrophthalma)

                + Bornean Crestless Fireback (Lophura 

                   erythrophthalma pyronota)

          o Crested Fireback Pheasant (Lophura ignita)

                + Lesser Bornean Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita 

                   ignita)

                + Greater Bornean Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita 

                   nobilis)

                + Vieillot's Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita rufa)

                + Delacour's Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita 

                   macartneyi)

          o Siamese Fireback (Lophura diardi)

          o Bulwer's Wattled Pheasant (Lophura bulweri)

    * The Eared Pheasants (Genus Crossoptilon)

          o White Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon crossoptilon)

                + Szechuan White Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon 

                   crossoptilon crossoptilon)

                + Yunnan White Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon 

                   crossoptilon 

                    lichiangense)

                + Tibetan White Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon 

                   crossoptilon drouyni)

                + Dolan's Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon 

                   crossoptilon dolani)

                + Harman's Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon 

                   crossoptilon harmani)

          o Brown Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon mantchuricum)

          o Blue Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon auritum)

    * The Cheer Pheasants (Genus Catreus)

          o Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichi)

    * The Long-Tailed Pheasants (Genus Syrmaticus)

          o Bartailed Pheasants (Syrmaticus humiae)

                + Hume's Bartailed Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae 

                   humiae)

                + Burmese Bartailed Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae 

                    burmanicus)

          o Elliot's Pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti)

          o Mikado Pheasant (Syrmaticus mikado)

          o Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringi)

                + Scintillating Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus 

                   soemmerringi scintillans)

                + Pacific Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus 

                   soemmerringi  subrufus)

                + Soemmerring's Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus 

                   soemmerringi soemmerringi)

                + Ijima Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringi 

                   ijimae)

                + Shikoku Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus 

                    soemmerringi intermedius)

          o Reeves' Pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesi)

    * The True Pheasants (Genus Phasianus)

          o Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

                + Southern Caucasus Pheasant (Phasianus 

                   colchicus colchicus)

                + Northern Caucasus Pheasant (Phasianus 

                   colchicus septentrionalis)

                + Talisch Caucasus Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                    talischensis)

                + Persian Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus persicus)

                + Prince of Wales' Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   principalis)

                + Zarudny's Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   zarudyni)

                + Bianchi's Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus bianchii)

                + Khivan Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   chrysomelas)

                + Zerafshan Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   zerafschanicus)

                + Yarkand Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus shawi)

                + Syr Daria Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                    turcestanicus)

                + Kirghiz Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   mongolicus)

                + Tarim Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus tarimensis)

                + Kobdo Ring-Necked Pheasant (Phasianus 

                   colchicus hagenbecki)

                + Manchurian Ring-Necked Pheasant (Phasianus 

                    colchicus pallasi)

                + Korean Ring-Necked Pheasant (Phasianus 

                   colchicus  karpowi)

                + Shansi Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   kiangsuensis)

                + Alashan Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   alaschanicus)

                + Gobi Ring-Necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                    edzinensis)

                + Satchu Ring-Necked Pheasant (Phasianus 

                   colchicus  satscheuensis)

                + Zaidan Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus vlangalii)

                + Sohokhoto Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   sohokhotensis)

                + Sungpan Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   suehschanenis)

                + Stone's Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus elegans)

                + Rothschild's Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   rothschildi)

                + Kweichow Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   decollatus)

                + Tonkinese Ring-Necked Pheasant (Phasianus 

                   colchicus takatsukasae)

                + Chinese Ring-Necked Pheasant (Phasianus 

                   colchicus torquatus)

                + Taiwan Ring-Necked Pheasant (Phasianus            

                   colchicus formosanus)

          o Green Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus versicolor)

                + Southern Green Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   versicolor)

                + Pacific Green Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   tanensis)

                + Northern Green Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus 

                   robustipes)

    * The Ruffed Pheasants (Genus Chrysolophus)

          o Red Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus)

          o Lady Amherst's Pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae)

    * The Peacock Pheasants (Genus Polyplectron)

          o Bronze Tailed Pheasant (Polyplectron chalcurum)

                + South Sumatran Bronze Tailed Pheasant 

                   (Polyplectron chalcurum chalcurum)

                + North Sumatran Bronze Tailed Pheasant 

                   (Polyplectron chalcurum scutulatum)

          o Rothschild's Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron 

             inopinatum)

          o Germain's Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron germaini)

          o Grey Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron bicalcaratum)

                + Burmese Grey Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron 

                   bicalcaratum bicalcaratum)

                + Himalayan Grey Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron 

                   bicalcaratum bakeri)

                + Lowe's Grey Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron 

                   bicalcaratum bailyi)

                + Ghigi's Grey Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron 

                   bicalcaratum ghigii)

                + Hainan Grey Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron 

                   bicalcaratum katsumatae)

          o Malay Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron malacense 

             malacense)

          o Bornean Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron malacense 

             schleiermacheri)

          o Palawan Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron emphanum)

    * The Crested Argus (Genus Rheinartia)

          o Crested Argus (Rheinartia ocellata)

                + Rheinard's Crsted Argus (Rheinartia ocellata 

                   ocellata)

                + Malay Crested Argus (Rheinartia ocellata 

                   nigrescens)

    * The Great Argus (Genus Argusianus)

          o Great Argus (Argusianus argus)

                + Malay Great Argus (Argusianus argus argus)

                + Bornean Great Argus (Argusianus argus grayi)

                + Double Banded Great Argus (Argusianus argus 

                   bipunctatus)

    * The Peafowl (Genus Pavo)

          o Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)

          o Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus)

                + Javanese Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus muticus)

                + Indo-Chinese Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus 

                   imperator)

                + Burmese Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus spificer)


References

Beebe, W. 1990. A Monograph of the Pheasants: Volumes I & II. pp. 3-212. Dover Publications Inc, New York.


Beebe, W. 1990. A Monograph of the Pheasants: Volumes III & IV. pp. 3-201. Dover Publications Inc, New York.


Delacour, J. 1977. The Pheasants of the World. pp. 68-382. Spur Publications Saiga Publishing Co, Surrey, England and the World Pheasant Association, Suffolk, England.


Johnsgard, P. A. 1986. The Pheasants of the World. pp. 3-280. Oxford University Press, New York.


The Need for New Groupings Based on DNA Evidence

There have been several studies aimed at determining the order of evolution in the pheasants using molecular/DNA approaches. The preliminary results show that there is a need for re-classification of some species and creation of new groupings.

Phylogeneic Relationships of the Pheasants - Simplified Version


Other Papers on the Subject:

Kimball, R. T., Braun, E. L., Zwartjes, P. W., Crowe, T. M., and Ligon, J. D. 1999. A Molecular Phylogeny of the Pheasants and Partridges Suggests that these Lineages are not Monophyletic. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11(1): 38-54.


Randi, E., Lucchini, V., Armijo-Prewitt, T., Kimball, R. T., Braun, E. L., and Ligon, J. D. 2000. Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeny and Speciation in the Tragopans. The Auk 117(4): 1003-1015.


Kimball, R. T., Braun, E. L., and Ligon, J. D. 1997. Resolution of the phylogenetic position of the Congo peafowl, Afropavo congensis: a biogeographic and evolutionary enigma. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 264: 1517-1523.


Akishinomiya, F., Miyake, T., Takada, M., Ohno, S., and Kondo, N. 1995. The genetic link between the Chinese bamboo partridge (Bambusicola thoracica) and the chicken and junglefowls of the genus Gallus. Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences USA 92: 11053-11056.

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